Sunday, August 23, 2020

Slavery in Brazil

Presentation Slavery is a term used to allude to a connection of matchless quality and compliance whereby one individual has another and can coerce from the had individual work or some other administrations. Slaves can be individuals kept without wanting to, purchased or naturally introduced to this dehumanizing lifestyle, they are denied the option to leave or to dismiss work, or even request reimbursement.Advertising We will compose a custom article test on Slavery in Brazil explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More Slavery in Brazil made the country’s cultural game plan and social foundation. All through the great time frame, and for a time of over six decades after the 1822 freedom, subjection was one of the fortifications of the Brazil economy, specifically in the mining and sugar stick creation sectors[1] Slave Trade in Brazil In the years after the 1500s Portuguese states arranged in Brazil started to import African spares in huge numbers. This was simple f or them as the Portuguese were in charge of a few slave exchange focuses the bank of West Africa where slaves were sold. African slaves turned into the favored decision to work in huge sugar stick ranches and mines as they were strong to tropical infections and heat and the way that they were hesitant to flee from their lords was something beneficial for the Portuguese as they got more cash-flow along these lines. Not long after the 1600’s African slaves were seen as occupied with every single monetary part of Brazil. This is on the grounds that they were acceptable specialists who buckled down for their lords; once in a while became ill and once in a while run off into the wilderness. Slave exchange was nullified in May 1888 when Princess Isabel marked the; Lei Aurea, the ‘Golden Law’ that made slave exchange illicit in this manner legitimately stopping subjugation in Brazil. The first content and the pen used to sign this archive are saved in the Brazilian nati onal exhibition hall as it part of the historical backdrop of Brazil. This single report liberated the slaves and on the off chance that it was not marked when it was, perhaps servitude would have proceeded for any longer. Because of the completion of the slave exchange 1888 in Brazil, the African culture is still articulated particularly in the Bahia and the Northeast. The African slaves despite everything rehearsed and practice their local societies, food, music, move and customs all which are seen in the throbbing social arrangement that is currently free Brazil[2]. Cancelation of bondage in Brazil was the last nation in the Americas to abrogate slave exchange as subjection. The predicament of slaves was noted down in writing that took a stand in opposition to bondage and represented the slaves themselves. Writing in Brazil included sonnets that stood in opposition to the enduring of slaves on account of their slave drivers who as a rule were than not fierce. Abolitionist writing in Brazil was not constrained and every single individual was permitted to openly communicate and their sentiments how they saw fit.Advertising Looking for paper on history? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After autonomy in Brazil, abolitionist advances were found in nearby dailies and periodicals lion's share of these interests anyway required a stop to the slave exchange and not servitude itself which is unexpected. â€Å"In 1850, the movement of human captives to Brazil was halted because of the outcome of British political and maritime pressure†[3]. Not long after the stop of slave exchange, writing and verse that portrayed free blacks and slaves decidedly started to advance into the market, how ever these works didn't straightforwardly condemn servitude all alone. Articles, sonnets, show and books started forcefully assaulting bondage as a defiling expert on white slave holders and as a prevention on monetary adva ncement of the nation all in all. This catalyzed the way toward abrogating slave exchange and subjection itself and the slaves were liberated to discover and manufacture their own lives from the slave lives[4]. It took a few years anyway before the writing works became the dominant focal point in battling against bondage and decidedly expressing that the slaves ought to be liberated. Contentions dependent on the sufferings of the slaves were the premise of dominant part of the writing works they discussed how much the slaves endured under their lords and this realized mindfulness concerning servitude. Probably the most popular abolitionist in Brazil include: Antonio Frederico de Castro Alves who was named as the Conscience of Brazil because of his works that transparently condemned subjugation Os EScravos which contain sonnets like â€Å"Navio Negreiro: tragedia nomar†, â€Å" O Bandido Negro† and â€Å" Vozes d’Africa† distributed in 1883. Different arti sts; Silvio Romero and Valentim Magalhaes additionally fanned the blazes of abolitionism with portrayals of outrageous ruthlessness and brutality of bondage. On sonnets, books were composed that were against subjection and slave exchange for instance; Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin distributed in 1852. This tale demonstrated how blameless slaves endured on account of their lords and their supervisors. Joaquim Manuel de Macedo’s As Vitimas Algozes written in 1869 and Bernardo Guimaraes’s An Escrava Isaura written in 1875. O Abolicionismo by Joaquim Nabuco a legislator written in 1883 is broadly noted and acknowledged as an abolitionist work for its normal and political intrigue. This book negated of the hidden guideline of master subjection powers utilized in restriction for the continuation of Brazilian slavery.Advertising We will compose a custom article test on Slavery in Brazil explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is ess ential to take note of that all the previously mentioned works of writing were composed before 1888 when the brilliant standard was agreed upon. This is to show that these writing works had a significant impact in pushing for the nullifying of slave exchange and bondage in Brazil. They assumed a significant job in abrogating slave exchange and subjection in Brazil as they distinguished the requests and cries of the slaves on account of their lords and stood up these shameful acts for all individuals to know[5]. Manners by which Abolitionism was abolitionist bondage and hostile to slave in Brazil There were a lot of manners by which abolitionism was against abolitionist subjection and hostile to slave in Brazil. This paper will examine the good, political, cultural inspiration driving the abolitionist development not additionally overlooking the arrangements and plans utilized in the abolitionist development. These various manners by which abolitionism is viewed as being both aboliti onist servitude and hostile to slave will assist us with comprehension the predicament of the slaves as well as why others battled energetically for opportunity of slaves and the cancelation of slave exchange. Taking a gander at the ethical perspective, residents of Brazil had various motivations to be a piece of the abolitionist development. Religion was the primary good point of view to join the abolitionist development, Christians who were at the bleeding edge of this development accepted that it was the obligation of the congregation to address wrongs made by the general public. Christians saw bondage as off-base and accepted that every individual was equivalent according to God, so it ought to likewise be according to individual humankind. Other common developments joined the development of abolitionist as they felt servitude was conflicting with the essential establishments of the administration as it realized out of line torment that unmistakably illuminated disparity among h uman beings[6]. The financial and political perspective on bondage achieved inquiries of imbalance as certain government officials considered servitude to be being illegal. One of the objectives of constitution was to carry uniformity to all man and subjugation was an impediment to this thusly, the government officials likewise participated in the abolitionist development. Larger part of the individuals were enthusiastic about the reason for consummation servitude that they framed an ideological group that explicitly battled for the rights and opportunities of slaves. The way that the constitution delivered the fairness of all humankind and that resident additionally battled for the opportunity of the slaves made the abolitionist development more grounded and progressively powerful lastly slave exchange and subjection was destroyed all together in Brazil[7]. Cultural changes were likewise a colossal piece of how abolitionist was enemies of slaves and abolitionist servitude in Brazil . These cultural reformers included gatherings of moral and remarkable residents who were worried about chapel networks, or new gathering scholars. These people made it their sole reason to address the wrongs of subjugation and the wrongs in training, detainment facilities and furthermore casting a ballot rights.Advertising Searching for exposition on history? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More These individuals needed radical changes in the general public that would make the general public a vastly improved spot to live in for all individuals. Individuals who joined the reformers were convinced by the leaders’ perspectives and they considered it to be their duty to make changes in the general public. The abolitionist development in Brazil was both enemy of slave and abolitionist servitude as to utilize various ways and strategies to use in spreading the reason so as to get numerous supporters. One of the significant methods of circulating the data they had was through utilization of flyers that were conveyed everywhere throughout the open country. These flyers were utilized to tell individuals and instruct them on the reasons they had for being against subjection and concerning why they needed to end it. Books, sonnets, stories and other writing works were likewise utilized in instructing individuals on why subjection should have been nullified in this way getting h elp for the abolitionist development. Associations against slave exchange and subjection additionally appeared and they battled for balance privileges of the Brazilian slaves. These associations got a great deal of help as they were driven by noticeable individuals who were energetic about stopping slave tr

Friday, August 21, 2020

A Gentleman in Haggard's Time Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

A Gentleman in Haggard's Time - Research Paper Example The portrayal of a noble man in Haggard’s volume, King Solomon’s Mines is among the most conspicuous topics that this volume plans to investigate. The volume’s setting is during an age when the British territory was augmenting over the earth.Haggard’s belief systems of an honorable man are crucial in that they differentiate the ideas of sex, in the presence of a woman’s force and race looking like the obsolete versus the edified male. These affirmations of maleness contain belief systems of how government and the British domain were portrayed as a rigidly male extension, a field overwhelmed and controlled by a male centric society of power. A portrayal of maleness is incredibly many-sided recognize since it changes with time. A quality, for example, quality, are typically interrelated with maleness, isn't fundamental in a network that needn't bother with all men to be warriors, yet it is as yet a noteworthy male property. An expectedly female qualit y, for example, wistfulness has these days changed into a vital attribute of a balanced male, and it shows a consolation in one’s sexuality. This suggests any depiction ought to think about difference in culture and the age. During the age when Haggard was composing his exposition, it was a time of speedy change of philosophies of the necessities for masculinity. At this age, there was a contention among hypothetical and physical aspects of maleness personality. There were two highlights to maleness. Right off the bat, there was the idea of solidarity, intense, and arranged to bite the dust in battle and also, that of a sensible man who isn't foolish or inconsistent in his peculiarities. The absence of females in the volume is clear when the narrator attests at the outset part that there would be no underskirt in the whole portrayal. In any case, there are two ladies in the volume Foulata just as Gagool. The previous is a crude, infertile African while the last is old and sub sequently can't be married. In this manner, these two people are portrayed as irrelevant characters in the volume. Regardless, they are basic is the perception of Haggard’s perspective of masculinity. Gagool involves a position of uncommon authority thinking of her as sexual orientation. She is removed from the urbane, white Englishmen. This is the most broken down of characters and her portrayal is that of a creature, a shriveled monkey. Be that as it may, this character supports incomparability of dread over the men in the volume. She is likewise the main character with the privilege of passage into the fortune of the mines. Masculinity of the three guys in the volume consolation happens with Gagool’s ruin, and the terrorizing of new female is viably slammed. This strength of guys is underlined in a resolute attitude, which serves to applaud other such events in the volume. Additionally, the portrayal of a charming man of honor there is a part of ability to investiga te females. The portrayal of this is in the investigation of the virgin place that is known for Africa. The entire portrayal is an experience in endeavoring to infiltrate and train the female land. The maleness of English men of their word is, henceforth, under danger and must be guaranteed, generally savagely, in order to recoup matchless quality over ladies. This happens variously in the portrayal. The male heroes make due toward the finish of the volume simply after a battle with the land which involves a passing standing up to fight all through the wild. They likewise vanquish those produced by the land, the locals Kukuanas. It is through the portrayal of this Victorian manliness that Curtis, Good just as Quartermain triumph over the womanly region. They show quality and fortitude in the butchering of huge creatures. They likewise portray guts and

Sunday, August 9, 2020

How to Write the Best College Essay

<h1>How to Write the Best College Essay</h1><p>The best school paper is a since quite a while ago, considered article. On the off chance that you can compose an article that sounds good to the educator, he will assist you with understanding the course material and help you with the assignments. Remember, the higher your evaluations, the more advantages you get. Here are a couple of tips on the best way to compose the best school essay.</p><p></p><p>A undergrad needs to compose a work report toward the finish of each semester. An ordinary school work report is around three to four pages in length and comprises of one to two significant examination papers. This sort of paper is made by the undergrad, however in some cases, you should compose it. Composing a school work report is a great deal like composing a book. Your goal is to make the paper as intriguing as possible.</p><p></p><p>Write the school exposition such that will speak to your educator. It might help to initially disclose how you came to compose your article. Clarify how you had the option to assemble a point, compose the whole exposition, break down your past work, and what caused you to decide to compose your paper. Answer addresses, for example, 'What sort of peruser would you like to be? ', 'By what method will the paper identify with your future classes?' and 'For what reason should my task be a schoolwork task? '.</p><p></p><p>Use a watchword rich sentence development. Make certain to concentrate regarding the matter of your paper. Ensure that you stress the primary concern and detail in the work report. Try not to utilize general or filler words. Try not to abstain from utilizing basic words, for example, must do.</p><p></p><p>Prepare to compose. Remember that your task is to compose, so you need to concentrate on composing. Continuously inquire as to whether you truly need to incl ude this word or sentence. On the off chance that you are searching for this data, request it.</p><p></p><p>Decide whether you have to include your name or section number. In the event that you know for sure that the individual or office you are composing for would be searching for this data, at that point you can do as such. In the event that you don't have a clue, at that point have a go at utilizing the name, the passage or the page number. Try not to utilize this data for the fundamental body of the paper. Incorporate just the data you think will help. Ensure that you don't attempt to intrigue the professor.</p><p></p><p>The best school article is one of a kind. It ought to make a discussion among your companions and your educators. You can't take noticed the entire night and be worn out when you get up the following morning. The best school paper you compose will be one that won't be duplicated. At the point when you finish, offer it to your educator and hold back to check whether you got great grades.</p>

Thursday, July 30, 2020

What Does Introduction to a Research Paper Outline Mean?

<h1>What Does Introduction to a Research Paper Outline Mean? </h1> <p>The layout is a concise section, which is comprised of three or four sentences and speaks to your arrangement of the full paper. At the point when you have picked a subject and built up a thought fairly, you should create a postulation explanation and blueprint. You may likewise state what kind of approach it is you will use in your paper for the entire conversation of your subject. Amplifying your examination layout's motivation can assist you with making a far reaching paper. </p> <p>The Introduction ought to contain your proposal proclamation or the subject of your exploration along with the point of your examination. It is the spot to feature any shortcomings in the examination from the beginning. When your presentation is done, it is conceivable to now consider assaulting the rest of the paper.</p> <p>Conclusion The development of the exploration question is effectively the most significant feature of an examination undertaking. At the point when you form an examination paper for distribution you will be approached to submit it along with an assortment of significant words which give a quick sign of the districts of research you're tending to. An examination proposition works as a brief and coherent review of your proposed look into. So it goes about as the preface. </p> <p>Based on the methodology which you could need to seek after, there are explicit contemplations about how to make a response paper to a narrative that you should make. A brilliant research paper presentation should cause your peruser to feel like he's notwithstanding the article subject you will talk about. Verify you tended to the chief inquiry of your examination in the presentation and your perusers don't see it for the absolute first time. You should intend to show that you have a wide skill, yet that you're participating in the specific discussions generally pertinent to your own exploration. </p> <h2> Definitions of Introduction to a Research Paper Outline </h2> <p>Which is the explanation we're sure of the last advantages our forthcoming purchasers get. A sublime presentation is isolated into three sections. Commentators' recommendations for boosting the original copy will be sent to creator. </p> <p>If you should create a theory articulation just we'll likewise help you. In this manner, it's constantly suggested that you watch the narrative more frequently than once to have the option to appropriately process it and recognize what it is about. After you request a paper, we will take your buy and match your undertaking to the perfect scholarly. You get a see of your article and inquire as to whether vital. </p> <h2> What Introduction to a Research Paper Outline Is - and What it Is Not</h2> <p>Qualitative research is useful to policymakers on the grounds that regularly it portrays the settings wherein arrangements will be instituted. Reviews work best once you need little wholes of data from moderately gigantic amounts of people. </p> <p>As expressed by the specialists of the on-line exposition proposition help servicesin the UK, a thesis proposition is a short article program, expounded the manner by which the essayist will follow while setting up the primary thesis paper. You may likewise submit subtleties, for example, rules, notes and different subtleties you wish to incorporate to ensure your paper is redone to satisfy your scholastic needs. Finding support for a task like an exposition is a basic activity. The capacity of the diagram is to flexibly you with a plan' of the paper and brisk reference when composing. </p>

Friday, July 17, 2020

Four Powerful Techniques For Writing Persuasive Essay Topics for Grade 8

<h1>Four Powerful Techniques For Writing Persuasive Essay Topics for Grade 8</h1><p>Although it is conceivable to compose an exposition without composing a persuading contention, the principal thing that understudies will see about your article is the contention. Most understudies have a thought of what it is that they need to state, thus influential paper subjects for grade 8 ought to be anything but difficult to get a handle on and take part in the primary concerns. Here are a few instances of powerful paper themes for grade 8 that don't require an excessive amount of thought:</p><p></p><p>Making explanations or calling attention to realities concerning at least one significant understudy occasions: In this point, understudies can talk about recorded occasions, make ends or make understudy accounts. They can likewise draw matches between the two. The most convincing influential exposition subjects for level 8 ought to exhibit how the articl e originates from individual experience or how realities are developed with the end goal of contention. On the off chance that an understudy attempts to make the peruser a colleague instead of a group of people, the possibility that they are attempting to convince the peruser comes up short and the article is unsatisfying.</p><p></p><p>Using rationale and contention in the exposition: These are the establishment contentions for powerful paper subjects for grade 8. These ought not be excessively long or complex, as understudies would be at a misfortune to comprehend and reason when they are given these more drawn out pieces. Brief models are the most ideal approach to begin. In the event that there is no compelling reason to make a correlation, they can be short and direct:</p><p></p><p>Creating an association between a paper and its writer's very own understanding: The best convincing article points for grade 8 ought to incorporate an inquiry or thought that integrates the whole piece. This is an approach to isolate the writer's understanding and sentiments about the point and spot them into a paper. While the facts confirm that you can't compose an article that is legitimately associated with your own encounters, it is as yet conceivable to mesh individual encounters into the piece.</p><p></p><p>The contention that perusers need to interface with is generally the focal contention of the paper point. All things considered, individuals make ends dependent on the premises. In the event that an understudy makes a contention with a reason that is questionable, they will be compelled to protect the reason against the realities that are introduced in the paper. To make a contention without giving any strong realities to help the truth of the matter is certifiably not a decent method to convince the reader.</p><p></p><p>A key part of enticing paper themes for grades 8 is t hat they ought to seem, by all accounts, to be made by a genuine individual. This is accomplished by causing the individual to appear as though an expert and they should feel like a specialist. Recall that it is a lot harder to persuade somebody regarding a bogus premise.</p><p></p><p>The key to composing enticing exposition points for grades 8 is to get individuals to see a contrast between your own emotions and experience and that of the creator. It isn't important to return to class to explore the issue. Rather, understudies can utilize their own encounters and point of view to break down why others may see things in an unexpected way. They can articulate their own emotions as the reason for their argument.</p><p></p><p>While it might appear to be testing, it is conceivable to compose powerful paper themes for grades 8 without composing a contention. At the point when an understudy is confronted with a troublesome exposition subject , they are typically confronted with two decisions. They can either duplicate the contention of another, or they can make sense of how to compose an article that they are glad of.</p>

Wednesday, July 8, 2020

Tocqueville On the Omnipotence of the Majority and the Sustainability of a Democratic Republic - Literature Essay Samples

How is it that, almost 180 years after it was written, Americans today still read Tocqueville as if it were the most essential piece of American political thought? Maybe it’s because it is. When reading chapters 7 through 10 of Volume 1, Part 2 in Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, it is important to realize not only the political ideas that Tocqueville is formulating, but also what he is saying about human nature and it’s relationship to political America. For a democratic government to be successful, Tocqueville argues, special focus must be placed upon the idea that something beyond the concept of a civic religiosity must exist, and that a political religion of equality and individualism are not enough to sustain democracy. A certain pietas or piety to something greater than a political creed needs to take shape in a democratic government. This piety in America, Tocqueville concludes, belongs to religion, and as long as Americans remain aware of this idea, th ey will have a very successful and sustainable democracy. Tocqueville spends Chapters 7 and 8 describing the biggest threat to democracy in America—the omnipotence and tyranny of the majority—and how the political and social uniqueness of America successfully hampers the effects of this tyranny. Tocqueville makes it clear that the issues surrounding Chapter 7 are very delicate indeed, calling the consequences â€Å"dire and dangerous† (pg. 237), and even going so far as to say that â€Å"there is no freedom of mind in America† (pg. 245). By the time Tocqueville finishes up the chapter by quoting Jefferson on the issue of the tyranny of the legislature, it seems as though America has been given the label of â€Å"doomed† by Tocqueville. There is no escape from this tyranny, it seems, and Americans may as well start preparing themselves for a revolution. But Tocqueville does not stop here. Instead he continues his analysis of America by offering a mu ch more optimistic criticism of why and how America will be able to sustain a democratic government. On this issue Tocqueville is very clear: the mores of America are what make it so unique from other democratic countries. Certain qualities of American political and social life such as the aristocratic nature of lawyers and the influence of the jury help to mitigate the influence of the majority; lawyers provide a counterweight to the effects of democracy by demonstrating a conservative and traditional approach remnant of aristocratic methods, and the responsibility of the jury helps to spread this spirit. Tocqueville then goes on to explain the principle causes that help to maintain such a successful democracy. Although Tocqueville makes it clear that due respect must be paid to the brilliance of the political and constitutional system that helps to foster democracy in America, he seems to be far more interested in what he believes is the true reason behind such a successful democ racy—a â€Å"democratic, republican Christianity† (pg 275). It is his analysis of religion in America that proves to be the most insightful, and—in several ways—the most influential criticism that Tocqueville has to offer for the people of America. By analyzing the human nature involved in the politics of democratic government, Tocqueville strikes at the heart of the issue. Perhaps no quote sums it up better than the paragraph in the first few pages of his section on the power of religion in America. Here, Tocqueville notes that, just as Aristotle believed that man was by nature a political animal, man is also by nature a religious animal. Although the two may indeed be part of the same nature, however, their separation is key to the success and sustainability of a democratic government. Religion is meant to stand alone in its quest for faith, not upon the shoulders of politics or some civic creed. It is only in this way that democratic countries like Ame rica can succeed. This issue seems to be at the heart of all of Tocqueville. The necessity of a creed beyond the dedication to political equality, a belief in religion to counterweight the chaotic effects of democracy that tore apart Tocqueville’s France—these are the ideas that Democracy in America is concerned with, and this is the way in which Tocqueville is convinced the United States will prosper. That prosperity, however, is fragile. As Tocqueville points out in Chapter 10, the threats to democracy in America, including the forthcoming slave problem, will never cease to exist. As he notes later in the book, citizens of a democratic republic often times show a remarkable fervor for equality, and if this fervor ever completely overshadows the existing devotion to religion, Tocqueville fears, then the democratic government that he holds as a model for the rest of the world is sure to crumble underneath the pressure of the same fate that doomed his home country.

Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Writing an Outline For an Academic Essay

<h1>Writing an Outline For an Academic Essay</h1><p>It's extremely conceivable to compose a blueprint for a scholarly article in the event that you've set aside the effort to figure out how it functions and know about the standards. Numerous instructors despite everything miss the mark regarding this basic standard, as do the individuals who have never been presented to it.</p><p></p><p>First off, a layout isn't a diagram. It doesn't state, 'Here is the organization for your essay'Use this arrangement.' Instead, a framework basically plots the final product you need your article to reach.</p><p></p><p>In a similar way, a layout isn't where you discover all the substance for your paper. Or maybe, the layout is utilized to make the structure in which you can separate your examination and argumentation into discrete fragments. By breaking your investigation into segments, the blueprint provides you one guidance to concent rate on and to develop your contention. This keeps your exploration composed and your rationale streaming easily from start to finish.</p><p></p><p>An plot for a scholarly article isn't equivalent to an arranged diagram. You don't spend the whole initial segment of your exposition arranging out your contentions and research. A blueprint is a beginning stage. In the event that you need to compose a framework for a scholarly article, you will initially need to design out what points you're going to cover and how you're going to cover them. When you have a guide of the heading you need your examination to take, you can start arranging your argument.</p><p></p><p>An layout isn't intended to be an assessment of your paper. Rather, a blueprint is a beginning stage that will assist you with working your way through your exploration and proposal. As you work, you will pick up clearness with respect to how you're going to structure your content ion and the specific material you're going to utilize. By knowing the structure in which you will structure your exploration, you will likewise realize where to source your sources, how to refer to your sources, and what kind of source to use for each source. At this point, you ought to have an away from of what you need to achieve and the structure that you have to achieve it.</p><p></p><p>An layout isn't something that is compulsory, but instead something that are suggested. This is on the grounds that you have to concentrate on what you need to achieve and the final product that you need to have. You don't have the opportunity to concentrate on an unexpected structure in comparison to the one you have mapped out. In addition, it's harder to include new things as an outline.</p><p></p><p>Finally, composing a framework for a scholastic article falls under the classification of arranging. Few out of every odd framework needs to contain the whole substance for your paper, however it's imperative to be clear about what you need your paper to be and afterward separate it into parts that you can structure.</p>